March 8, 2017
The political and security advisors of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and Federal Member State (FMS) leadership met for a 3-day workshop (March 6-8, 2017) to discuss the open political questions relating to the national security architecture.
The following points represent a summary of the recommendations they will take back to
their leadership to propose for further discussion and endorsement at the next National
Security Council meeting.
These recommendations take into consideration and are built upon the existing National
Security Policy and the New Policing Model.
Recognizing the challenges of Somali budget and revenue generation, recommend that:
Danab), air force and navy.
Somali police forces shall number 32,000, separated into Federal Police and State
Police as per the New Policing Model. This expanded figure shall include Coastguard,
as well as Darwish.
Distribution & Composition
The existing SNA sectors shall beredrawntoalign with FMS boundariestoreflectthe
political developments in the country.
The 18,000 SNA shall be distributed across the existing SNA sectors (Divisions and
Bases 12, 21, 43, 49, 54, 60). The distribution of the 18,000 SNA after the
resectorization to the new FMS-boundary-aligned SNA sectors shall be determined
based on military needs and geography. FMS and SNA leadership will participate in
any necessary redistribution of forces.
FMS, reporting to the Danab Brigade HQ in Baledogle and the SNA chain of
The distribution of the 32,000 police, between Federal and State-level, and the
question of how many of these should be Darwish, is yet to be determined, except
that there should be an equitable distribution based on needs.
as SNA units in times of national crisis.
forces will require comprehensive demobilization and reintegration programs. Given
Somalia’s limited resources and the need to reduce security forces substantially, a
DDR and rehabilitation program would be instrumental to ensure we do not
exacerbate the threat of extremist groups recruiting former security forces personnel.
10.The National Integration Commission will be a crucial component for ensuring the
realization of Somali national security forces which represent each FMS and the whole
of the country.
Command & Control
11.The Somali National Army is a national force and the President of the Federal
Government of Somalia is the commander in chief. He is also the chair of the National
12.The National Security Council will include the FMS presidents in addition to the
relevant FGS Ministers. FMS participation in National Security Council meetings will
be accommodated with technological solutions where necessary.
13.A coordination mechanism shall be put in place to facilitate collaboration and
coordination between all security council levels.
14.While the National Security Council will handle policy and strategic matters, the
Regional Security Councils will handle implementation. The Regional Security
Councils will be chaired by FMS presidents and will include the SNA sector
commanders amongst other relevant state-level actors.
15.For external threats, the National Security Council will take direct action. For major
operations related to internal threats involving the SNA, the National Security Council
shall authorize the scope and methods of the operation, and delegate operational
command responsibilities for the relevant SNA sector to the relevant Regional Security
16.In consultation with the FMS presidents, the CDF will propose SNA sector
commanders to MoD for approval. In the event of concerns about the performance or
behavior of a particular SNA sector commander, the FMS president may send official
communication to the FGS President to report his concerns.
17.Federal Police shall report to the relevant FGS Minister, and State Police shall report
to the relevant FMS authorities.
18.The FGS shall be responsible for the salaries and support requirements for the SNA.
19. The FGS shall be responsible for the salaries and support requirements of the Federal
Police, and FMS’s shall be responsible for the salaries and support requirements of
the State Police. Internationally mobilized resources for the security sector shall be
equitably distributed across the federal and FMS levels and amongst the FMS.
20.There should be a federal financial responsibility to support the sections of State
Police engaged in active operations against internal threats.
21. These responsibilities above should be in line with the larger constitutional settlement
on resource sharing.
The Way Forward
22.These recommendations will be shared with all relevant federal and state level
23.This group of advisors and experts shall reconvene in the first week of April in
Mogadishu to feedback on consultations and to prepare for the National Security
24.A National Security Council meeting to be formally convened at the earliest possible
opportunity after the formation of a Federal Cabinet, to further discuss and endorse
The FGS and FMS and the international community shall mobilize resources and
forces to hasten the defeat of Al-Shabaab and ISIS in a comprehensive manner in
order to create an environment in which an AMISOM transition can start at the
earliest possible timeline.
This workshop has been a useful forum to bring the relevant stakeholders and experts
together to discuss these important issues, and we express our gratitude to the S6 for
facilitating this workshop and their continued support in the Somali security sector.