Mogadishu (Sunatimes) Somalia’s justice
system is not functioning properly. The TFG’s mandate is coming to an end, the
warlords and their minions are part and parcel of the TFIs-It is high time to
purge these criminals from the establishment and bring them to justice.
new Somali government should ratify the International Criminal Court as soon as
it takes office and end the culture of impunity. The International Community, the
AU and IGAD should also stop double standard policy toward Somalia. If Uhuru
Kenyatta is to be barred to contest Kenyan elections for few months of election
violence, how can you allow the warlords who maimed Somali people for decades,
not only to walk free and travel around, but to vie for high political positions
in Somalia?. This is a mockery of
justice and a travesty of Universal Declaration of Human Rights enshrined in the
Newspapers around the world have spoken
against the grave human rights violations in Somalia. “Notorious Somali
warlords, regional administration heads and former military government leaders
have committed grave human rights atrocities against the Somali civilians
including women and children. Tens of thousands of Somalis have been killed,
and hundreds of thousands were wounded. Millions more are displaced internally
and externally. As a result, the Somali people remain stateless. No institution
is left functioning” (Toronto Star, Jan 13).
Professor Stephen John Stedman, an
authority on peace building at Stanford University says: "Where
international custodians have created and implemented coherent, effective
strategies for protecting peace and managing spoilers, damage has been limited
and peace has triumphed. Where international custodians have failed to develop
and implement such strategies, spoilers have succeeded at the cost of hundreds
of thousands of lives."
Somali government should be held accountable under international law; it should
protect Somali people, identify and prosecute the perpetrators of the human
rights crimes and the crimes against humanity in Somalia regardless of their
The local human rights organizations should
gather evidence in secrecy, compile files and send to International Criminal
Court in Hague.
This noble endeavour would not only restore
justice in Somalia by putting these war criminals behind bars, but also deter
further human rights violations and delegitimizes notorious warlords to intend
to stand for political positions in Somalia.
Profile of Warlord Abdi Qaybdid.
Qeybdid became known as militia leader of
Gen Mohammed Farrah Aidid’s USC forces and served as minister of interior in
its confrontations with UN forces during the so-called
"nation-building" phase of UNOSOM II in 1993.
In the same year (1993), Delta Force
commandos backed up by nearly 140 United States Army Rangers and four US Army
Special Forces operators under the command of Gen. William F. Garrison and Col.
Lee Van Arsdale launched an assault and captured Qeybdid together with Osman
Ali Atto. He stayed in American custody for some months. The arrest is
portrayed in the film Black Hawk Down. Somali intelligence,however,believe that
both Osman Ali Atto and Abdi Qaybdid,were arrested over unreliable information
they supplied to the Americans in exchange for money and political interest.
Both guys were working against Gen Mohamed Farah Aidid by the time of their
By 2001, he became Regional commander of
Police Force in Mogadishu as part of the new Transitional National Government
(TNG) led by Abdiqasssim Salad Hassan, and Commander of Police Force during
President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, himself a notorious warlord.
Mysterious disappearances were common
during Gen Abdi Qaybdid’s rein, and one of the most painful occurrences was the
sudden death of his rival Col AliSaid Hassan Wadaad. Although there is no hard
evidence to date, many people in Salballaar community believe that his death
was far from being circumstantial-that left deep grudges between Cakkaaro and
In 2008,Rob Crilly, of The Times criticised
the Western donors for not paying attention of the taxpayer’s money being
funded to security forces led by immoral warlords vested in police uniform.
“The money is supposed to be used to strengthen security and democracy, but The
Times has learnt that it is financing a police force filled with militiamen and
led by one of the country’s most notorious warlord, Abdi Hasan Awale Qeybdid”. Unfortunately,
donors privately admit their mistakes. “An element of a leap of faith is
required,” one Western diplomat conceded. “Otherwise we have to walk away.”
In 2006, he joined the CIA led Alliance for
the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (ARPCT) against the Islamic
Courts Union in the Second Battle of Mogadishu. He surrendered on 11 July 2006
after a heavy loss of life on his supporters.
In late 2006, after retreating from
Mogadishu, he fought under a new umbrella led by Puntland militia leader Hiif
Ali Taar alongside Ethiopia forces in the Battle of Bandiradley. Gen Abdi Qeybdid forces used to harass
Galmudug administration which was just established by Diaspora community, as
they were part and parcel of Puntland Forces. It would be hypocritical for Gen
Abdi Qeybdid to stand for the presidency of Galmudug, the very entity he
opposed during its creation.