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Somalia 1000 Suicide Deadly attack: Hormuud Telecom employee responsible for facilitating passage of company vehicles - UN Report

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Sunday September 08, 2019 - 21:59:20 in Latest News by Super Admin
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    Somalia 1000 Suicide Deadly attack: Hormuud Telecom employee responsible for facilitating passage of company vehicles - UN Report

    Annex 2.2: 14 October attack Timeline of the attack1 c.08:00: The large vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (LVBIED), a Fiat TM truck, departs from Afgoye, Lower Shabelle region. The vehicle is stopped at Sinka Dheere checkpoint at KM12, on

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Annex 2.2: 14 October attack Timeline of the attack1 c.08:00: The large vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (LVBIED), a Fiat TM truck, departs from Afgoye, Lower Shabelle region. The vehicle is stopped at Sinka Dheere checkpoint at KM12, on the outskirts of Mogadishu. Mukhtar Mohamed Hassan Roble2 — a Hormuud Telecom Somalia Inc. employee responsible for facilitating passage of company vehicles through the Sinka Dheere checkpoint3 — arranges for FGS security forces to allow the vehicle to pass after paying a toll;
The driver passes through Ex-Control Afgoye checkpoint at KM7 using the toll receipt obtained from Sinka Dheere;
The vehicle is stopped at Benadir checkpoint at KM5. For unknown reasons, security forces become suspicious and call for an explosives ordnance disposal (EOD) team to inspect the truck. The driver speeds off and is pursued by traffic police;
15:24: The LVBIED detonates next to the Safari Hotel at Zoobe junction, approximately 450 m from Benadir checkpoint;
16:10: A Toyota Noah VBIED parked in Wadajir district, approximately 1.5 km south-west of Zoobe junction, arouses the suspicions of a local shop owner and is approached by National Security and Intelligence Agency (NISA) officers. The officers search the vehicle and arrest the driver, Hassan Adan Isaq a.k.a. Abdinasir Jeeri;
16:30: The second VBIED is remotely detonated, killing one civilian and injuring four others.
Key members of the plot
A high-ranking Al-Shabaab Amniyat operative, Hassan Adan Isaq a.k.a. Abdinasir Jeeri, aged 23, was prosecuted and subsequently sentenced to death for his role in the operation. Isaq had been tasked with coordinating the deployment of a second VBIED, a Toyota Noah minivan, that was likely intended to breach the perimetre of the airport complex in order to clear a path for the principal LVBIED. According to FGS investigators, Isaq had served as a driver for Al-Shabaab emir Ahmed Diriye, while the latter was governor (wali) of Bay and Bakool regions around 2010.4 Isaq was later a subordinate to "Fanax” (a.k.a. Gardhuub, Ali Dhere, and Gees Adde), a senior Amniyat leader specializing in explosives, in Bardera, Gedo region. Adan appeared to have held a relatively senior position in Al- Shabaab given his age of 23; he reported during interrogations that he "grew up with Al- Shabaab”, having been recruited in 2009, at around the age of 14.5
Two employees of the principal Somali telecommunications provider Hormuud Telecom Somalia Inc. were also prosecuted in connection to the attack, for facilitating the entry of the LVBIED through the Sinka Dheere checkpoint. One of these individuals, Abdiweli Ahmed Diriye, had telephoned Mukhtar Roble, the second Hormuud employee, and instructed him to arrange to speak to FGS security forces in order to convince them to allow the LVBIED to pass through Sinka Dheere.6 Diriye was tried and subsequently sentenced
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1 This timeline has been primarily sourced from UNMAS Somalia’s report on the 14 October incident, "Report on the VBIED attacks in Mogadishu on 14 October 2017,” compiled 14-28 October 2017.
2 Roble was arrested but later acquitted due to lack of evidence.
3 FGS military court document, on file with the Secretariat.
4 Ibid.
5 Interview with the FGS investigating officer in Mogadishu, 20 March 2018. 6 FGS military court document.
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to a three-year prison term, while Roble was acquitted. Diriye’s uncle, Abdullahi Ibrahim Hassan Absuge, the owner of the Fiat TM truck used for the LVBIED, was sentenced in absentia to life imprisonment.
According to court documents, a man known only by the name "Duale” acted as a logistics officer for Isaq once he had arrived in Mogadishu.7 "Duale” drove Isaq around Mogadishu in a tuk-tuk in order to conduct reconnaissance. He showed Isaq the NISA checkpoint at KM4, proximate to the Mogadishu airport complex, and explained that Isaq’s role would be to conduct the driver of the second VBIED to the checkpoint, where it would subsequently be detonated to clear a path for the LVBIED.8
"Duale” told Isaq that he was a member of the FGS, and showed Government ID to pass through the checkpoints;9 according to the FGS investigating officer, "Duale” was likely a member of NISA, due to his ability to pass through Government checkpoints unchallenged in a tuk-tuk.10 "Duale” told Isaq that he had coordinated previous major attacks in Mogadishu, including the complex attacks on the Ambassador Hotel (1 June 2016) and the Nasa Hablod Hotel (25 June 2016).11 As of this writing, "Duale” was still at large.
LVBIED size and composition
An assessment of the LVBIED suggests a TNT equivalence of upwards of 1,200 kg, making it likely the largest explosive device in Al-Shabaab’s history.12 An independent explosives engineer consulted by the SEMG used a range of explosive engineering formulae and tools to estimate the explosive mass of the VBIED. Explosive engineering software was used to conduct the analysis, using input parameters which included the damage radius from satellite imagery, the type of surface, as well as crater dimensions of the blast. UNMAS Somalia, conversely, concluded that the net explosive quantity (NEQ) of the blast was approximately between 600 kg and 1,000 KG (TNT equivalence).13 The agency took into account the complexities of all the unknown variables; the exact explosive used, including modifications or adulteration, the construction of the buildings, and anomalies due to blast overpressure. According to UNMAS, a nearby lorry transporting sugar may have acted as a fuel enhancement for the blast, contributing the widespread fires in the vicinity and augmenting the death toll.14
Experts in Mogadishu who conducted field tests of the explosive material suggested the presence of both military grade explosives and the oxidizer potassium nitrate, suggesting that Al-Shabaab may have attempted to bulk up the LVBIED using home-made explosives (HME) components.15 Constructing a 1,200 kg LVBIED by traditional explosive remnants of war (ERW) harvesting would entail a major logistical operation; for example,
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The vehicle was known to FGS security forces, as the driver established a routine by frequently traversing the Sinka Dheere checkpoint, in preparation for the day of the attack. It is not clear why the driver was held up at the checkpoint by FGS security forces on 14 October. Interview with EOD specialists in Mogadishu, 20 February 2018.
7 FGS military court document.
 8 Ibid.
9 Ibid.
10 Interview with the FGS investigating officer in Mogadishu, 20 March 2018. See annex 4.2 (strictly confidential) for additional information regarding the infiltration of NISA by Al-Shabaab. 11 FGS military court document.
12 The same expert had estimated the LVIED deployed at the Medina gate in Mogadishu on 2 January 2017, hitherto Al-Shabaab’s largest IED, at approximately 1,200 kg (see S/2017/924, para. 12). Both estimates were peer reviewed and agreed by a UK-based blast analysis engineer. 13 UNMAS Somalia, "Report on the VBIED Attacks in Mogadishu On 14 October 2017”, October 2017.
14 Ibid. UNMAS teams deployed to the scene to conduct a post-blast investigation reported the area being covered in a sticky black residue that smelled of caramel.
15 Interview with an EOD specialist in Mogadishu, 20 February 2018. However, the field test kits used by EOD teams are not as accurate as laboratory analyses.
S/2018/1002
 
S/2018/1002
 Al-Shabaab would have had to harvest approximately 6,000 60-mm mortars or 190 TM 57 anti-tank mines.16
Figure 1: CCTV footage of the detonation of the LVBIED.



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